Ancient Salt Road


Ancient Salt Road

The Via Salaria, an old Roman route in Italy, finally connected Castrum Truentinum (Porto d'Ascoli) on the Adriatic coast to Rome (from Porta Salaria in the Aurelian Walls), a distance of 242 kilometers (150 mi). From Rome to Osteria Nuova in Orvieto, a contemporary road with this name that is a part of the SS4 highway travels 51 kilometers (32 miles). The Old Salt Route, which was roughly 100 kilometers (62 mi) long and connected Lüneburg in Lower Saxony with Lübeck in Schleswig-Holstein, a port that needed more salt than it could generate on its own, during the Middle Ages. The salterns that surrounded Lüneburg helped the city prosper after it was first recorded in the 10th century. Through Lauenburg, traders transported salt to Lübeck, supplying all of the Baltic Sea's shores. The Hanseatic League owed a great deal of its riches and power to Lüneburg and its salt industry. Following a lengthy period of prosperity, its significance started to wane about 1600. The thousand-year tradition came to an end in 1980 when the final salt mine was closed. Via Narenta served as a commerce route between Podvisoki and Dubrovnik in medieval Bosnia. It is known that 600 horses brought Podvisoki about 1500 modius of salt.

In France, a portage between navigable waterways was shorter than the salt route. Two salt highways running away from the coastal region, from Nice up the Vésubie valley, could transport salt discharged at the ports of Nice and Ventimiglia.via Saint-Martin-Vésubie at the head of the valley, or from Ventimiglia inland through the Roya Valley, over the Col de Tende pass and into Piedmont.

In Ethiopia blocks of salt, called amoleh, were carved from the salt pans of the Afar Depression, especially around Lake Afrera, then carried by camel west to Atsbi and Ficho in the highland, whence traders distributed them throughout the rest of Ethiopia, as far south as the Kingdom of Kaffa. Before the People's Republic of China annexed Tibet and closed the borders in the 1950s, salt trade between Nepal and Tibet crossed passes through the Himalayas such as the gorges of the upper Karnali and Gandaki rivers. In exchange for salt from dry lakes on the Tibetan Plateau, pack animal caravans from Nepal's Terai and lower hills brought rice up from those regions.

A historic route called the Salt Way in the United Kingdom connects Droitwich Spa with Princes Risborough after going through Banbury. The Salt Way Activity Group is in charge of running The Salt Way.

The Vienna Road was a salt road that connected Vienna and Trieste via Graz, Maribor, and Ljubljana. It was subsequently also known as Southern Railway (Austria), which replaced the road as a railway connection between the two towns. Even though it only made up around 7% of trade on this route, salt has historically played an important role in Slovenian culture. and custom because of a folk hero Martin Krpan is an oral tradition-based story that takes place on the Vienna Road. In medieval Japan, two routes together known as Shio no Michi provided salt to the island nation's mountainous and island province of Shinano.

Salt company since 1942
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